Ok so before we proceed into the more advanced services like Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) I think its best that we do a post on FreeNAS. FreeNAS is a stripped-down version of FreeBSD it supports sharing across Windows, Mac and Linux. The latest version of FreeNas 8 includes ZFS which supports high storage capacities and integrates file systems and volume management into a single piece of software.
The main reason we are going to use FreeNAS is because of its support for iSCSI shared storage which we require for Failover and clustering.
If you are using it for production environment it is highly recommended that you do not use any of the beta versions and only install the latest stable releases.
Download FreeNAS from http://sourceforge.net/projects/freenas/
Ok so let’s begin the creation of the VM.
7. FreeNAS is very low on resource utilization, please visit http://www.freenas.org/ too get the recommended System requirements. We are going to leave it at 1 processor and 1 core. Click Next.
9. Select your Network Connection method. I use Bridged networking for all my VM.
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10. We don’t need to change anything here. Click Next.
11. Create a new Virtual Disk on which we will install FreeNAS. Click Next.
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26. Next thing we need to do is setup a Static IP instead of the dynamically assigned IP. To do this, Click on Network Tab on Top. Change the hostname and domain if required. Even though we have a domain we won’t be using active directory authentication here.
40. Scroll down; Tick the checkbox next to Enable LUC. Then change the controller IP address and authorized network. And select Auth Method to None, Please note that in a production environment it is recommend having some form of authentication for iSCSI targets.
41. Next go to “Portals” tab. Click Add Portal.
47. For Quorum Disk we only need about 1GB space so for this we will use File Extents to have a smaller size of iSCSI drive on the second hard drive. To do this first go to, Storage and use the volume manager to add the second 50 GB volume.
That’s it for this post we will continue with Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) next week.